Houma, La. The people of Terrebonne lived in seclusion for generations and continued family traditions, including their unique dialect of French language, music, dance and cooking. There are few accounts of the Houmas during the Spanish period (1766–1803), and they virtually disappear from the historical record within a decade of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. There was an influx of French settlers from New Orleans to Houma after the Spanish domination in 1762. Foret, Michael James "Houma The Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) of 1934 represented a shift in U.S. Indian policy away from forced acculturation and a…, Mohegan As of 2002, the tribal council claimed to represent over 20,000 tribal members. They were closely related to the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Chakchiuma tribes. Back to the Native American library During the 1970s and 1980s the Houma organized themselves as the United Houma Nation, Incorporated, and sought federal recognition as an Indian tribe. One of the most southern of all Louisiana parishes, Terrebonne was established on March 22, 1822, when it was annexed from Lafourche Parish. Encyclopedia.com. Most of the pioneers who came to Terrebonne migrated from the Mississippi River, down Bayou Lafourche and Bayou Terrebonne. Houma is Louisiana's Bayou Country. The French alliance cost the Houmas dearly: not only did they suffer from epidemics, but they had conflicts with neighboring and regional tribes, and were targets of slave raiders from South Carolina. Indians recognize their linguistic connection with the Choctaw. 1946; Reprint ed. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. 114 Tourist DriveGray, LA 70359(985) 868-2732. Sugarcane cultivation was the principle agricultural industry in the parish. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. American Indian cultures The word houma or ouma means "red" in the tribe's language, which referred to the sun or possibly to their war emblem, the crawfish. They chose this area because of its isolated geographic location, minimal government control and fertile land. //-->. American Indian house He characterized the people who called themselves Houmas as a tri-racial isolate who identified themselves as Indian, but who were so intermarried with whites and blacks that they were racially little different from the Cajuns among whom they lived. Find great cajun and local restaurants, explore outdoor activities and plan your stay to Houma-Terrebonne, Louisiana. HOUMA. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Tribal tattoo art Today, our heritage is still celebrated through the area's many festivals. The word houma or ouma means "red" in the tribe's language, which referred to the sun or possibly to their war emblem, the crawfish.. ETHNONYMS: Mohegan Tribe, Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut, Moheag, Mmooyauhegunnewuck They moved near New Orleans after 1706, although over the next decade or so they moved upriver into present-day Ascension Parish, near the head of Bayou Lafourche. The people who recorded Houma seem to have used "a" and "u" indiscriminately to represent the "uh" sound. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Dictionary of American History. Dictionary of American History. Choctaw uses a "v" character to represent a short "uh" sound as in "cut," except at the end of a word where an "a" is used. Blackfoot news Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/houma. google_ad_format = "728x15_0ads_al_s"; Your getaway to Louisiana's Bayou Country starts here. However, the date of retrieval is often important. As early as 1739, due to their continually dwindling numbers, the Houmas were reportedly combining with other local tribes. google_color_text = "000000"; 356 were here. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Ruth Underhill says, in a report to the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and I agree, that "It is the opinion of the writer that Houma has become a generic name for a number The current drive of the Houma for federal recognition began in 1979 with the formation of the United Houma Nation, Inc. With an enrollment of 11,000, the Houma are currently the largest tribe in Louisiana. (October 16, 2020). Other pioneers were exiled French colonists, known as Acadians from Nova Scotia, who searched for a new settlement for 10 years before arriving in Terrebonne Parish. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/houma, Foret, Michael James "Houma Richard Henry Pratt, an army officer on the southern Plains, made an interesting observation in the late nineteenth centu…, Housatonic Community College: Narrative Description, Housatonic Community College: Tabular Data, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/houma, Diplomatic and Military Relations, American Indian, Native Americans: Centuries of Struggle in North America. Identification and Location. Encyclopedia.com. Ethnohistory 48 (2001): 473–494.