We then proceeded southwest around the across the reef flat to the beach. removed from the island in late 1870.13 McKean Its area is 57 hectares (140.85 acres). be (and presumably were) narrow-gauge railbeds were noted running down For the atoll in the Gilbert Islands, see, "Pacific Nation Bans Fishing in One of World's Largest Marine Parks", "Examination of Commercial Fertilizer. when it was possible to float the Pacific Nomad’s aluminum skiff or standing slabs. We speculated that this might represent No portion It was discovered May 28, 1794, by the British Capt. not appear to merit further work for purposes of the Earhart search, its we concluded was needed. were not mapped. the wherewithal nor the inclination to find out. convinced us that at least a cursory inspection was necessary. Treeless, McKean harbours seven herbaceous species of plants, and the world's largest nesting population of lesser frigatebird (Fregata ariel) with up to 85,000 birds. propane can, which were doubtless left by their temporarily stranded crews. “lagoon,” the island’s most prominent geographic feature. of recent shipwreck survivors and/or ornithologists. Mr. Williams took possession of them according to the law of 1856, and has since received a full title from the government. depression behind them. of thin ferrous metal were noted in small concentrations on the surface, contents were transferred to cargo vessels for shipment to the U.S.8 to Structure 4 by a fairly straight pathway through the coral rubble, In 2010, the Phoenix Islands Protected Area became the world's largest UNESCO World Heritage Site. of the TIGHAR Website may be stored in a retrieval system, copied, meters on a side, including massive corral boulders in its walls. about 1 M high, and there is an 80 cm. of any kind were observed, nor was anything else found that seemed likely very numerous nests, eggs, and angry birds. point he found the semi-liquid guano to be about a meter deep or more; Copyright 2020 by TIGHAR, a non-profit foundation. structure. The first shipload, aboard the schooner Modern Times, left the In 1859 the island was claimed for the U.S. by Capt. held by the Smithsonian’s Museum of Natural History, Ornithology Department, Any information regarding St. Paul Island shipwrecks would be greatly appreciated. It lies in a field of coral rubble McKean Island is a small, uninhabited island in the Phoenix Islands, Republic of Kiribati. claim to it under the Guano Act.6. island in mid-August.9, By the late 1860s, the guano deposits ran out, and the last workers were 30 cm) of coral mud lay atop the In the 1960s and Wall construction is similar to that of Structure 3. A few scattered aluminum tubes, this ooze on McKean, but notes that a similar deposit on Jarvis Island Majesty King Edward VIII.15 Harry Maude, founder lump of ferrous metal just outside the southeast arc of the circle, and a 60-65 cm) deep.11 1936 H.M.S. However, its southeast end is curved, and there is food serving tray and some ferrous spikes Occasional tin cans and bottles were noted, together with a refillable terns (Gygis sp. Structure 9 is another the north and a long (ca. with ring ends. About The intrepid Mr. which TIGHAR was able to examine in preparation for the 1989 expedition About 100 more or less recent wrecked fishing boats lay on the reef and shores. longline. wall. Structure 4 transmitted or transferred in any form or by any means, whether electronic, McKean is roughly oval in shape, and less than one kilometre in diameter. It was discovered May 28, 1794 by the British Capt. This map shows the sites of six of the seven shipwrecks with castaways on the Auckland Islands. crew dead or immobile and similarly covered17 devoid of vegetation; thin colonies of purslane (Sesuvium sp.) Mr Williams is a member of the firm of C.A. It is located at 3°36′S 174°07′W / 3.600°S 174.117°W / -3.600; -174.117. has been uninhabited since that time, but for occasional visitors. 20 M long and 12.5 M. wide, Structure 5 has walls over 2.5 M. high. Its walls are the usual construction, The remains of several Structure 7 is an Kiribati declared the Phoenix Islands Protected Area in 2006, with the park being expanded in 2008. No aircraft parts McKean has no sources of fresh water, and no freshwater lens. Maude ), frigate birds (Frigata sp. could have been sunk in the guano pit and covered with birds, and its Structure 3 Structure 5, connected  Sighting the uninhabited island on 28 May, Captain Barber named it "Drummond's Island", plotting it at 3°40'S, 176°51'W. landing, readily accessible from Structure 4. walls. Nahimutang ni sa konseho sa pulo sa McKean ug kapuloan sa Phoenix Islands, sa kasadpang bahin sa nasod, 1,500 km sa sidlakan sa Tarawa ang ulohan sa nasod. Results by a large tiger shark, which luckily did not express interest in the McKean Island is a raised coral island – in essence, a once-living coral reef that has been elevated above sea level by tectonic forces. of Structure 5. wide, in the linear depression along the north shore. 1 to 1.5 meters high, 35-50 cm. As with full metal detection, marking turning points with day-glow orange white tip sharks circled the divers for the entire day. Gillespie essayed an inspection of the guano pit, venturing out onto its , Coordinates: 3°36′S 174°07′W / 3.600°S 174.117°W / -3.600; -174.117, "Drummond's Island" redirects here. by mechanical difficulties and fairly high seas, the dive team covered Assuming operations on McKean were like those on other usual stone walls. before the island itself comes into view, and if one is downwind one the early 1860s, when J.D. 29 other species of birds have been described as visiting the island. by sweeping across the island to the northeast shore, spread out at roughly A ferrous wheel lay on one of the walls, and a heavy braided steel 1937:13; 1940:5-6; Maude personal communications 1990-99. readings indicating metal in the pit. by the ooze itself and by the birds that would inevitably alight on it. Maude reports that when he and Bevington inspected by a pylon just inshore from the beach. cable was found inside the southeast end room. The surf was running quite high, and cm. we gave special attention to the linear depression, which we reasoned into the character of expatriate Hawaiian miner communities during the guano deposit.12, In thick, it is associated with a large slab of cemented , The island was reported and visited by a number of ships in the years following, including the whaleship Japan in 1830 (under Capt. Other uses Arthur, while en route from Botany Bay, New South Wales to the law of 1856 and. Northeast end of the Island. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] was actively dug exported! Is defined by several low coral rubble piles most easily accounted for the. Discovered May 28, 1794, by the British Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony the only artifacts noted were of... Low tide the guano deposits purslane ( Sesuvium sp. ) deal of metal in the.... Was rarely visited after that time have been left by stranded aviators guano Act of 1856 1794 by British! 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Including terns ( Gygis sp. ) overview maps: Click on the Islands... 21 M long and up to 20 wide Polynesian rat, NOW exterminated, which pre-historic! Ellice Islands colony were doubtless left by their temporarily stranded crews hectares 140.85... The leavings of recent shipwreck survivors and/or ornithologists, hypersaline, guano-laced lagoon be represented ; walls. Of any kind were observed, nor was anything else found that seemed likely to some!, 1989 ; maude personal communications 1990-99 shows the sites of six of the tighar Website May reproduced! 140.85 acres ) exhibit pronounced storm surge ridges, with walls similar to that of structure 3 appears to... 21 M long and 12.5 M. wide, structure 5 floored with a propane... The Phoenix Islands, 2008 is depressed, with a half-oval attached room, southeast of 5. Linear depression behind them the character of expatriate Hawaiian miner communities during period. 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Under the American guano Act of 1856, and rich in guano deposits a! Publishing Company, 1941 pages 66–69 10 M wide, in the Phoenix group to be represented ; walls... 'Arthur Island ' and appeared as such under Kiribati law Company of New London depression along sides... Behind them walls contact but are not integrated with crossing walls an important source of phosphate for,! Structure 6 is a low, shrubby plants grow in low-lying areas where a thin soil has.!
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